25 November 2014

Tombstone Tuesday: Twaddell

 
Twaddell
John J. 10 December 1913 - 4 June 1995
Rita D. 17 September 1945 - 8 February 2002
 
 
I came across the Twaddells while "visiting" my grandparents and uncles at St. Patrick's Catholic Cemetery in Kennett Square, Chester County. I just thought the stone itself was so unique.
 
 
Tombstone Tuesday is a genealogical prompt by GeneaBloggers.


 
 

24 November 2014

Military Monday: John F Huber

The Civil War affected everyone in every profession. The medical field was no different. John F. Huber, MD, served the Union as a surgeon.

He enlisted on 25 August 1861 as an Assistant Surgeon. That day, he was commissioned an officer in Company S, where he served - during his tenure in the service - in the Pennsylvania 49th Infantry Regiment, the Pennsylvania 131st Infantry Regiment, and the Pennsylvania 50th Infantry Regiment. He was commissioned an officer in the U.S. Volunteers Medical Staff Infantry Regiment on 07 November 1863. On 13 March 1865, Huber was promoted to Brevet Lt Colonel. He was finally mustered out on 04 June 1866.

Huber is buried at Woodward Hill Cemetery, in Lancaster. That is actually where I first stumbled upon the doctor. He was born 22 November 1825 and passed on 15 February 1868.

He left a widow, Louisa.

Source:
Historical Data Systems, comp. U.S., Civil War Soldier Records and Profiles, 1861-1865 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2009.

National Archives and Records Administration. U.S., Civil War Pension Index: General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2000.

Military Monday is a genealogical prompt issued by GeneaBloggers.

23 November 2014

Census Sunday: Nora Kilpatrick Beattie

Nora Kilpatrick Beattie is one of my great grandmother's (Mary Kilpatrick Still) sister. There were five sisters and two brothers who all came over, though not all at the same time. I have not yet been able to pinpoint and document their exact place of birth. Instead, I know only they were from Ireland and they were Protestant. They all settled originally in around the Philadelphia/Main Line area.

Nora first shows up in America in the 1910 Census. She is listed, at that time, a servant to Harry and Alice Riley, a young couple with two children. Harry Riley is a poultry farmer and they live on Valley Road in Tredyffrin, Chester County. Nora's age is recorded as 29. She is listed as the family nurse. The Riley family employs two other servants - waitress Catherine Ayer and Nora Jane, a cook - also from Ireland and a gardener from Italy named Carlo Angelonia. The 1910 Census asks about immigration. Nora, according to the census, immigrated in 1902.

Ten years later, Nora is now married to Samuel Beattie. Other records document their marriage as occurring on 1 June 1910. They live in Upper Providence, Montgomery Township, where they will remain through the years. Both Nora and Samuel were born in Ireland. According to this census, Samuel immigrated in 1904 and Nora in 1906. They were both naturalized in 1912. At this time (January of 1920), they have five children: Howard and Herbert, seven year old twins; Walter, four years and seven months; James, two years and 11 months; and Horace, one year and two months. Samuel was a farmer.

The 1930 Census reveals their street as being Longford Road. By now, their sixth child - Louis - was born, totaling six boys. The twins - Howard and Herbert - are now 17; Walter is 14; James, who now goes by his middle name Elmer, is 13; Horace is 11; and Louis is seven. The census confirms that Nora and Sam were both 24 when they got married. This puts the year as 1910. Their immigration years remain listed as 1904 for Samuel and 1906 for Nora. When asked for their birthplace, instead of simply saying Ireland, now the two are more specific. Samuel was born in North Ireland. Nora was born in Free State Ireland. Samuel is no longer listed as a farmer but rather as a sexton at church. The twins are both auto helpers at a garage.

Howard is not included in the 1940 census with the family, but everyone else is there. There really is not any new information, simply confirmations of info already previously gathered from other census records. It is interesting to note that this year both Samuel and Nora list their birthplace again as simply Ireland.

An aside note -- the Free State Ireland is what is now the Republic of Ireland. It was formed on 6 December 1921, after a long struggle for independence from Britain. When Nora immigrated, there would not have been an area called Free State Ireland.

Census Sunday is a genealogical blog prompt of GeneaBloggers.
 

22 November 2014

Sorting Saturday: Cleaning up Facebook groups and Twitter

Today began shortly before midnight for me. The first few hours I spent organizing and cleaning my Facebook groups. Wow did I have a lot!

The Facebook groups mostly center around genealogy or history in general. Some are serious. Some are fun - like Cemetery Scavenger Hunt! The idea is each week a different theme is chosen (usually by vote from the week prior) and people submit photos from cemeteries with those themes in the photo. For example this week the theme is "Bicycles, Motorcycles, and ATVs" so a photo may be a tombstone in the shape of a bike or an image engraved in the stone.

Some groups are location specific. For example, I joined the Schuylkill County Genealogy page hoping to connect with any Walsh/Welsh or Keating families and descendants. There is a page for almost every location! One such group is Clearfield County PA Genealogy. I am researching the Novakosky family, specifically Ludwig Novakosky, so I added a note there:
Looking for info pls on a Ludwig Novakosky. He allegedly died before September 1917 in Clearfield County Jail. Story is suicide. Looking for proof ... or direction. TIA

I also updated the Eckman Family Page. Added a cover photo which I will have to remember to change out on a regular basis. The photo is that of John and Catherine Eckman's tombstone. Five of their six children are buried with them. Naturally, hubby's great grandfather is the one child not buried there.

While searching through various pages, I also found that Family Search will be discontinuing their Photo Duplication Services. In addition I came up with several article/post ideas!

I was also cleaning up with Twitter and catching up on tweets. One popped up from the Ukrainian Reporter with the reminder that today - 22 November - is Remembrance Day.



Twitter allows users to create lists. This is so helpful when only searching for a specific topic. I created, for example, a Genealogy List. It simply lists people and companies I have come across (not everyone as I do forget sometimes) who are interested actively in genealogy. Anyone can subscribe to the list as well, as it is a public list.

Regardless of how you connect with other genealogists, every once in awhile take the time to sort through your Facebook groups and Twitter. Otherwise, you may feel overwhelmed! By the way, you can find me tweeting @jeanne_eckman.



Sorting Saturday is a genealogical prompt by GeneaBloggers.

21 November 2014

Funeral Card Friday: Leo Welsh

My Uncle Leo was born Leo Francis Welsh. He was my grandmother (Mary Welsh Still)'s brother and son of Martin and Catherine O'Flaherty Welsh, of Phoenixville, Chester County, PA.
Funeral Card Friday is a genealogical prompt of GeneaBloggers.

Extra Ordinary Give helps preserve Lancaster area history

Today is Lancaster County's Extra Ordinary Give. This is a day on which area non-profits participate in a 24 hours online marathon giving marathon sponsored by the Lancaster County Community Foundation. Many historical societies and venues are included today!

The Lancaster Historical Society (which now goes by LancasterHistory.org) focuses on the history of the entire county and maintains Wheatland, home of President James Buchanan. Buchanan is the only president from Pennsylvania and the only bachelor president.

The Lititz Historical Foundation is also participating today. The Foundation focuses on the history of the Lititz area. The Foundation also maintains the Lititz Museum and the Johannes Mueller House. The Lititz area received her first settlers - the Moravians - as early as the 1740s. 

The Lancaster Mennonite Historical Society preserves the culture of Anabaptist communities connected to Lancaster County.

The Conestoga Area Historical Society aims to preserve the history of the Penn Manor area. This includes Conestoga, Pequea, Manor, and Martic Townships, as well as Millersville Borough. The Society was formed in 1990. While any donation amount is appreciated, the Society notes that $25 can provide one archival storage box; $50 can pay for one newsletter mailing; and $100 could assist with the heating bill.

The Historical Society of the Cocalico Valley focuses on the heritage of the Northern Lancaster County municipalities. The Society's focus areas are: East & West Cocalico, Clay, Ephrata, West Earl and a portion of Earl Townships, as well as Akron, Adamstown, Denver & Ephrata Boroughs.
 


Ephrata Cloister Associates maintain the historical site and offer many education programs relating to the Ephrata Cloister. The Cloister was founded in 1732 by German settlers who sought religious freedom and a more spiritual way of life. Today, the site is a National Historical Landmark.

History comes alive at the Landis Valley Village & Farm Museum. This living history villages takes visitors back to the late 1700s. Administered by the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, Landis Valley preserves the history and culture of the Pennsylvania Germans who founded Lancaster County.

The Rock Ford Plantation is the home of Revolutionary War General Edward Hand. Hand served as Adjutant under George Washington. The museum offers many living history education programs.

The Friends of the Railroad of Pennsylvania supports the Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania. The Museum preserves railroading history and offers various educational programs throughout the year related to railroading and the effect it has - and still has - on America.

The Historic Preservation Trust does so many behind the scenes kind of events to preserve historical structures of Lancaster County. Among those structures are houses, barns, bridges, and mills.

All total, there are more than 300 non-profit organizations in Lancaster County that are participating today. To participate in the Extra Ordinary Give go to http://extragive.org.

20 November 2014

Those Places Thursday: A glimpse of Coatesville past

Coatesville was once a bustling town. Main Street was filled with stores. People walked the streets and, at Christmas time, Santa came to town. The annual Christmas Parade still brings Santa to town. This postcard shows Coatesville in a different era.

Notice the Sears Roebuck and Co., located in the Central Building. It is between Beneficial Loans and Woolworth Co. Other stores seen here on the North side of East Main Street are: Newberry Co., Young's Pharmacy, and Lipkins.

The undated Chrome card is clearly from the late 1960s or early 1970s time frame, judging by the cars.

 
Those Places Thursday is a genealogy prompt of GeneaBloggers.

19 November 2014

Ancestry videos are a wealth of information

Ancestry.com has a wealth of informative videos on You Tube. One of those videos is You've Received Your Ancestry DNA Results. Now What? I learned some vital information from the video. Crista Cowan does an excellent job simplifying DNA.

She explains that my sister and I, for example, may not have exactly the same DNA makeup. Obviously we have the same bloodline but we each got 50% of our DNA from Daddy and 50% from our mom. Nothing says we got exactly the same 50% from either one. So where, my DNA results showed a less than one percent European Jewish background, she may not have got that handed down to her. The video below here explains the results in a simple manner.



When I had received my DNA results, I was surprised at the percentages. The ethnicities however did not surprise me. I thought I was doing great going back through my generations. When Cowan did a little mathematical chart showing 10 generations back, it struck me how little I actually know and how much more there is to discover. The chart shows how many people you actually descend from in 10 generations (counting yourself as the first generation).


Generation Possible People I Know
1 You 1 1
2 Parents 2 2
3 Grandparents 4 4
4 2x Grandparents 8 8
5 3x Grandparents 16 13
6 4x Grandparents 32 9
7 5x Grandparents 84 7
8 6x Grandparents 128 7
9 7x Grandparents 236 1
10 8x Grandparents 512 0
1023 52

Ten generations takes you back to your eighth great grandparents. Not counting yourself, that is 1022 people from whom you are descended. My numbers are also shown above. I am doing great through the fifth generation. After that however ... well item #1 on my Genealogy Bucket List!

18 November 2014

Tombstone Tuesday: J Martin Eckman & Family

 
Eckman
J Martin 1850 - 1910
Anna Elnora 1853 - 1935
Enos M 1879 - 1926
Chester R 1892 - 1893
 
buried at Woodward Hill Cemetery
Lancaster City, Lancaster County, PA
 
 
 
James Martin was the son of Daniel Washington and Grace Helm Eckman. He died of a cerebral hemorrhage. Anna Elnora, went normally by Elnora. She was the daughter of Jacob and Mary Rowe Myers. She died of arteriosclerosis chronic myocarditis. The couple had seven children: William Ross, Laura Viola, Enos Myers, James Wesley, Mary Elizabeth, Miles Washington, and Chester Reid.
 
Sources:
Ancestry.com. Pennsylvania, Death Certificates, 1906-1963 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014.  
 
Tombstone Tuesday is a genealogical prompt of GeneaBloggers.
 

17 November 2014

Military Monday: Chester County casualties in WWII

War, by its very nature, concedes losses and casualties. World War II was certainly no different in that regard. In June 1946 the US War Department issued a report honoring the injured and deceased soldiers.

The casualties were itemized as such:
KIA - Killed In Action
DOW - Died Of Wounds
DOI - Died Of Injuries
DNB - Died Non-Battle
FOD - Finding Of Death
M - Missing

The report breaks the figures down by county. Chester County, for example, had 187 KIA, 26 DOW, 1 DOI, 75 DNB, 23 FOD, and 2 M for a total of 314.

My uncle - Paulie they called him - was among those included in the report. Paul Kurenda was Baba's brother. His death is listed as DNB - died of non battle wounds.

My grandfather told me once that Uncle Paulie got gangrene over in Europe and the Army sent him back to the States to Valley Forge so he could be near his family. Unfortunately the family had not been notified quickly enough and he passed shortly before they got there.

His death certificate shows that he died from "tuberculosis, pulmonary, acute, military, bilateral."

His obituary reads that he died in "Valley Forge General hospital after a long illness. He was taken ill while in England where he served with the army for one year after training in this country. Brought back, he was treated at hospitals in Charleston, S.C. and Martinsburg, W. Va., before being transferred to the Valley Forge institution."

Paul was born 16 July 1922. He was the youngest son of John Kurenda and Francis Skrabalak. He is buried with his parents at Holy Ghost Ukrainian Cemetery in Valley Township, Chester County, PA.

He is one of 314 soldiers whose families share these stories. Sadly two have unique stories. Two soldiers were listed as missing. They are: Staff Sgt. Thomas G. Armstrong and Staff Sgt. Robert J. Sabol.

Staff Sgt. Thomas Garrett Armstrong was with the 769th Bomber Squadron 462nd Bomber Group (VH). His death date is listed at 26 May 1946. He received a Purple Heart Medal, Air Medal with 2 Oak Clusters, and the Distinguished Flying Cross. His name is memorialized on the Honolulu Monument. Born 18 September 1924, Armstrong was single. He was survived by his parents: Alexander and Ethel Armstrong.

Staff Sgt. Robert J. Sabol in also memorialized on a monument in Honolulu. He served as part of the 62nd Bomb Squad 39th Bomb Group (VH). His death is also recorded as 24 May 1945. He was awarded the Purple Heart Medal and the Air Medal. Born in 1924, he was the son of John and Caroline Sabol of Phoenixville.

Sources:
Ancestry.com. Honolulu, Hawaii, National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific (Punchbowl), 1941-2011 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.

Ancestry.com. Pennsylvania, Death Certificates, 1906-1963 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014.

Ancestry.com. Pennsylvania, Veteran Compensation Applications, WWII, 1950 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013.

Ancestry.com. U.S. Rosters of World War II Dead, 1939-1945 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007.

Ancestry.com. U.S. WWII Military Personnel Missing In Action or Lost At Sea, 1941-1946 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007.

National Archives and Records Administration. World War II and Korean Conflict Veterans Interred Overseas [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2000.
 
National Archives and Records Administration. U.S. World War II Army Enlistment Records, 1938-1946 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2005.

National Archives and Records Administration . World War II Honor List of Dead and Missing Army and Army Air Forces Personnel, 1946
 
Military Monday is a genealogical prompt of GeneaBloggers.

Military Monday: Following a graveside flag

There is a flag at Uncle Jim's grave. He is buried at the Old Doe Run Presbyterian Cemetery out on Strasburg Road in East Fallowfield Township in Chester County, PA.

He shares his plot with his father, Pierson G.; mother, Mary K.; and his two sisters, Margaret and Dorothy. My aunt, Pierson's sister Helen, had told me that my great grandfather was in the National Guard but never actively served. So process of elimination dictates the flag is for my uncle ... but he never spoke of the military.

James Franklin Still, the oldest of two sons (my grandfather Lloyd being the other), was born 5 September 1910 in East Fallowfield Township. He passed on 18 February 1979. Uncle Jim lived with my grandparents in his later years, when he moved back East. He had worked for King's Ranch in the Unionville area and he went out West through them. He would often tell us kids stories of his cowboy days! But ... what about that flag?

A quick search on Ancestry.com revealed the Department of Veteran's Affairs BIRLS Death File. That document, which confirms both birth and death dates, shows Uncle Jim enlisted in the US Army on 7 April 1942. He was released on 9 June 1945.

I spoke with several family members who recall that he had served in WWII in the European Theater. Unfortunately that is ALL I have found on him ... adding Uncle Jim's military service to my Genealogy Bucket List!

Source:
Ancestry.com. U.S., Department of Veterans Affairs BIRLS Death File, 1850-2010 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.

Military Monday is a genealogical prompt issued by GeneaBloggers.
 

16 November 2014

Census Sunday: Not always the full story

The census records are great resources. Each census adds a little different information which can eventually compile a nice picture of someone. However, the census records do not always show the whole picture. Today, I would like to illustrate that point using my great grandfather, Panko Hruszczak, as an example.

My grandfather, Joseph Ruczhak, had always told me he was the oldest son and the family always lived in Coatesville once his dad immigrated here from the Ukraine. Wow. Well, Panko is his father.

Panko first shows up in the 1920 census.

The enumerator recorded his name as Panka Hruegak. By 1920, he was married to Bessie and they had two sons: Joseph, age 2, and Theodore, four months. Both he and Bessie, ages 27 and 23 respectively, are still aliens. He immigrated in 1910, according to the census, while she arrived in 1913. They both state they were born in Austria and their native tongue is Austrian. Both can read and write. He was a machinist in a pipe mill. They lived - not in Coatesville, but - in Chester City, Delaware County, PA on Trainer Street.

1930
Ten years later the family has grown and moved. Now they are living in Rock Run in Valley Township in Chester County. Rock Run might as well be Coatesville. He is listed this time as Penko Hruczhak. He and Bessie now have seven children: Joseph, 13; Theadere (Theodore), 12; Nick, 8; Paul, 8; Katy, 6; Mary, 4; and Ellen (Helen), 2. The 1930 census also reveals that Panko was 22 and Bessie was 21 when they were married. They are now 37 and 35 respectively. Panko is renting their home and the family does not own a radio. Both Panko and Bessie lists their birthplace, and that of their parents, as Austria-Poland. According to the 1930 census, Panko immigrated in 1911 and Bessie in 1912. He was a rod man in a tube mill.

1940

The 1940 census shows 46 year old Panko Hruszchak (notice, yet another spelling) with Bessie, 45, and their children: Theodore, Nicholas, Paul, Katherine, Mary, Helen, Anna and Peter. My grandfather, Joseph, had already married at this point. He and my grandmother are on their own, also in Rock Run. Panko and Bessie both lists their birthplace as Austria Galicia now. The enumerator asked about their citizenship status. Panko was "Na" meaning naturalized. Bessie is listed as "Pa" meaning her first papers were filed. So she was not yet a citizen but had started the paperwork.

The enumerator asked about employment of everyone. Panko was still a rod man in a tube mill. Bessie remained a housewife. Theodore lists his occupation as an attendant at a hospital but he has been unemployed for 52 weeks prior to the census date. Nicholas was a laborer in a scrap yard and Paul was counterman at a restaurant. Both Nicholas and Paul answered yes to the question: Was this person at work for pay or profit in private or non emergency gov't work during the week of March 24-30? Uncle Nick had worked 40 hours in that area the week prior and Uncle Paul had worked 48, according to the census.

The 1940 census is the latest released. The census records do offer a variety of information and is a great way to track movements over time.

Not the oldest
In a nutshell, my grandfather was not the oldest. These was a boy, Theodore (I call him the first to differentiate from my grandfather's younger brother) who was born in 1916 and died of pneumonia on 13 October 1918. I originally found him on Panko's World War I Draft Registration.

Not always in Coatesville
That document also revealed Panko, Bessie and child were living in Columbia, Lancaster County in 1917. My grandfather was born in January 1918 in Coatesville. The first child, Theodore (Jebor on his death certificate), was buried at the Polish Cemetery in October 1918 and the family lived in Coatesville at that time. The 1920 Census showed them in Chester City, Delaware County. By 1930 they are back in the Coatesville area.

From whence they came
My grandfather swore we were Ukrainian and only Ukrainian. Through the years I have seen Ukraine, Austria, Galicia, Galicia-Hungary, Austria-Galicia, Poland, and even Russia as birthplaces listed for Panko and Bessie. I believe the most accurate (though I have included all in my notes) is his naturalization paperwork which states he was born in Prusy, Sambor. One reason for the confusion is that the area there was taken over several times by different leaders.

In summary, never trust just one source or even family stories. No one source can tell the full story.

Census Sunday is a genealogical prompt of GeneaBloggers.

15 November 2014

Sorting Saturday: Maiden names

Finding a good woman is hard. Many a man has said this ... as well as many a genealogist! Traditionally most of us have given up our maiden names to take the last name of our husband. So how then do we find our ancestor's maiden name?

Years ago I belonged to the Irish Genealogical Society. They offered sheet with suggestions for finding maiden names. They took the information from The Pathfinder, vol.18, Issue 4. The Pathfinder was published by the Genealogical Association of Southwestern Michigan.

Birth certificate
Birth certificates now provide the maiden name of the mother as well as the full name of the father. Mine, dated 1969, however does not list my parents. Nor does my husbands, but he is also older than me. Our oldest was born in 1993 and her certificate does include both our names.

Church records
Church records may or may not include more family information than civil sources. It may also include a surprise or two that will help with another step. The baptism records for my grandfather - Joseph Ruczhak - confirmed his parents' names. The surprise here though was the record used his mother's Christian name. The only place I found this was on church related documents. Everyone called her Bessie. The church however records her name here as Pelagia Matys. Her patron saint was St. Pelagia.

Marriage certificate.
Marriage certificates are great for this purpose. My marriage license, for example, offers my husband's full name and my full name at the time of marriage. Notice I did not say maiden name. In my case it was but a woman who had been married before would be using her married name, assuming she kept it and that was in fact her legal name. The certificate also reveals the County in which we registered. This too is important. Notice I did not say the county in which we married. We were both living in Lancaster County but my church was in Parkesburg, which is Chester County. A ten minute drive from my parents' house but a different county. The certificate also notes the date as well as the clergy or Justice of the Peace. In our case, it lists the priest's name. No where does it actually mention the parish or location of the actual marriage.

Marriage license application
In order to get married legally, one must apply. Again, it goes through the Orphans' Court. Both people need to be present to apply. In Lancaster County the requirements now are more lax than when we got married in 1992. For example, we needed a blood test in order to get married. That is no longer a requirement. Under Pennsylvania law "blood relatives down to and including first cousins."

Social Security application
When my kids were born, I had to fill this form out before I was allowed to take them home! It asks for the full name at birth, the place and date of birth, as well as the applicant's address. It also asks for the parents names at birth!

Death certificates
Death certificates, like many things, have changed over the years. A death certificate could hold the answer to a woman's maiden name if she lived into the 20th century and if the informant knew the information. Likewise, look for her children's death certificates.

Obituaries
An obituary can be a wealth of information or it can be a quick "so and so died. services are private" kind of statement. A good obituary may include a woman's name at birth, as well as her parents' names. Look for obituaries of family members as well.

Insurance documents
To be honest, this is one resource I have not yet encountered. It was however included in the IGS' suggestions.

Divorce papers
The IGS suggests that if your female ancestor seems to have simply vanished, it is possible there was a divorce. This paperwork may provide more clues to her maiden name.

Military pensions and paperwork
If a widow received a military pension, often her maiden name was recorded.

Newspapers and county histories
Newspapers especially are helpful although admittedly sometimes time consuming. Older papers however were like little gossip rags. I tracked one family once through one of these tidbits. The "article" was about an anniversary party for a couple. Not only did it lists which anniversary and where it was, but it also listed the attendees and in some cases how they were related to the couple.

Census records
Although this was not included in the IGS suggestions, it warrants being mentioned. Through my personal research on both my lines and my husband's lines, I have found that people tend to move from family member to family member. Often an in-law would pop up in a census in his or her later years. It does also work the other way too. I could not find a daughter once until I found her son living with his grandparents. By process of elimination (there was only two daughters and I had already confirmed the other), I knew Margaretta Still had married a Naylor. From there, it was easy to confirm and document.

Often it will take a combination of these suggestions to determine a woman's maiden name and document it as such.

Sorting Saturday is a genealogical prompt of GeneaBloggers.